文章摘要
徐丽娟,何璐,宋英玲,王瑾,唐凤娟,唐世琪.有氧运动对超重/肥胖女性代谢及心理健康影响的评估[J].中国临床保健杂志,2020,23(4):491-494.
有氧运动对超重/肥胖女性代谢及心理健康影响的评估
Evaluation of aerobic exercise on metabolic and mental health outcomes in overweight/obese women
投稿时间:2019-10-12  
DOI:10.3969/J.issn.1672-6790.2020.04.014
中文关键词: 肥胖症  超重  运动疗法  心理健康  代谢  女性
英文关键词: Obesity  Overweight  Exercise therapy  Mental health  Metabolism  Femininity
基金项目:湖北省自然科学基金(2019CFB687)
作者单位E-mail
徐丽娟 武汉大学人民医院体检中心,武汉 430060 zoe0512@163.com 
何璐 武汉大学人民医院体检中心,武汉 430060  
宋英玲 武汉大学人民医院体检中心,武汉 430060  
王瑾 武汉大学人民医院体检中心,武汉 430060  
唐凤娟 武汉大学人民医院体检中心,武汉 430060  
唐世琪 武汉大学人民医院体检中心,武汉 430060 wh88063953@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 评估有氧运动干预对超重/肥胖女性相关代谢指标和心理健康影响。方法 2018年10月至2019年6月招募了武汉市116名超重/肥胖女性自愿参加本次运动干预研究。受试者按随机数字表法分为对照组(n=60)和观察组(n=56)。运动干预项目为8周的有氧跑步运动,1周3次,包括10 min的热身训练,30 min的运动(达到50%~70%的最大心率)和5 min的降速。测量有氧运动干预前后两组人群的人体参数、代谢指标(空腹血糖、血脂和血压);心理健康状态采用问卷调查总体幸福感量表(General Well-Being Schedule,GWB)、抑郁自评量表(Self-rating depression scale,SDS)和焦虑自评量表(Self-Rating Anxiety Scale,SAS)。应用广义估计模型评估随时间变化的重复变量。结果 观察组经过8周的有氧运动干预,空腹血糖显著降低,低幸福感和抑郁的比例显著降低。调整混杂因素后,相对于对照组,观察组舒张压(P=0.026)、空腹血糖(P<0.001)、高密度脂蛋白(P<0.001)和自我报告社交焦虑(P=0.041)的风险均明显降低。结论 8周有氧运动干预能有效改善超重/肥胖女性的代谢和心理健康。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise interventions on metabolic indicators and mental health outcomes in overweight/obese women.Methods This study recruited 116 overweight/obese women from Wuhan to participate in this exercise intervention study.Subjects were randomly divided into control group (n=60) and observation group (n=56) according to random number table method.The exercise intervention program was an 8-week aerobic running exercise with three times a week,including 10 minutes of warm-up training,30 minutes of exercise (up to 50%-70% of maximum heart rate) and 5 minutes of speed reduction.Human parameters and metabolic parameters (fasting blood glucose,blood lipids and blood pressure) in the two groups before and after aerobic exercise intervention were measured; mental health status was evaluated using the General Well-Being Schedule (GWB),depression self-rating scale (Self-rating depression scale,SDS) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS).A generalized estimation model was used to estimate repeated variables that vary over time.Results After 8 weeks of aerobic exercise intervention in the observation group,fasting blood glucose was significantly reduced,and the proportion of low happiness and depression was significantly reduced.After adjustment for confounding factors,the risk of diastolic blood pressure (P=0.026),fasting blood glucose (P<0.001),HDL(P<0.001) and self-reported social anxiety (P=0.041) were significantly lower in the observation group than those in the control group.Conclusion 8-week aerobic exercise intervention can effectively improve the metabolic and mental health of overweight/obese women.
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