文章摘要
徐俊,刘丽娜,尹欣欣,齐冬园,刘路然.脑小血管病与吞咽障碍的研究进展[J].中国临床保健杂志,2019,22(5):714-717.
脑小血管病与吞咽障碍的研究进展
Advances in the research of cerebral small vessel disease and dysphagia
投稿时间:2019-03-10  
DOI:10.3969/J.issn.1672-6790.2019.05.038
中文关键词: 大脑小血管疾病  吞咽障碍  认知障碍  综述
英文关键词: Cerebral small vessel diseases  Deglutition disorders  Cognition disorders  Review 〖FL
基金项目:黑龙江省科技攻关项目(GC12C306-3)
作者单位E-mail
徐俊 哈尔滨医科大学附属第四医院神经内科,哈尔滨 150001 18845796413@163.com 
刘丽娜 哈尔滨医科大学附属第四医院神经内科,哈尔滨 150001  
尹欣欣 哈尔滨医科大学附属第四医院神经内科,哈尔滨 150001  
齐冬园 哈尔滨医科大学附属第四医院神经内科,哈尔滨 150001  
刘路然 哈尔滨医科大学附属第四医院神经内科,哈尔滨 150001 13804518401@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      脑小血管病是指各种原因所致的脑小血管病变引起的一大类病理、影像、临床综合征,影像学主要表现为腔隙性脑梗死、血管周围间隙扩大、脑白质高信号、脑微出血及脑萎缩。脑小血管病不仅能够通过破坏吞咽的神经传导通路,而且其所致的认知及精神情感障碍,自主运动能力下降等均可造成吞咽障碍,尤其在老年人,易引起误吸、营养不良、消瘦,甚至窒息死亡,严重影响患者的预后和生存质量。本文就近期的研究进展,对脑小血管病、吞咽障碍及其发病机制做一综述。
英文摘要:
      Cerebral small vessel disease refers to a large category of pathology,imaging and clinical syndrome caused by various small blood vessel diseases with various causes.The imaging is mainly characterized by lacunar infarction,enlarged perivascular spaces,white matter hyperintensities,cerebral microbleeds and encephalatrophy.Cerebral small vessel disease can not only cause dysphagia through destruction of the nerve conduction pathway of swallowing,but also cognitive and mental affective disorders,and decreased autonomic exercise capacity,especially in the elderly,which may cause aspiration,malnutrition,weight loss,and even suffocation,seriously affect the patient′s prognosis and quality of life.This paper is a detailed review of the pathogenesis of dysphagia caused by cerebral small vessel disease.
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