文章摘要
范晓莉,管婷婷,徐阳,刘方杰,房忠翠.脑出血患者自杀意念风险因素分析及干预研究[J].中国临床保健杂志,2019,22(4):512-514.
脑出血患者自杀意念风险因素分析及干预研究
Risk factors analysis and intervention study of suicidal ideation in patients with cerebral hemorrhage
投稿时间:2019-02-28  
DOI:10.3969/J.issn.1672-6790.2019.04.021
中文关键词: 脑出血  自杀意念  危险性评估  危机干预  心理疗法
英文关键词: Cerebral hemorrhage  Suicidal ideation  Risk assessment  Crisis intervention  Psychotherapy 〖FL
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(81701161)
作者单位E-mail
范晓莉 皖南医学院第一附属医院神经内科,芜湖 241002 19631243@qq.com 
管婷婷 皖南医学院第一附属医院神经内科,芜湖 241002  
徐阳 皖南医学院第一附属医院神经内科,芜湖 241002  
刘方杰 皖南医学院第一附属医院神经内科,芜湖 241002  
房忠翠 皖南医学院第一附属医院神经内科,芜湖 241002  
摘要点击次数: 110
全文下载次数: 73
中文摘要:
      目的 探讨脑出血患者自杀意念相关风险因素及合理情绪疗法的预防作用。方法 选取脑出血患者100例,通过路径的方法收集患者一般信息、出血量、出血位置,入院时应用美国国立卫生研究院中风量表(NIHSS)评分评估脑出血严重程度,采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)评定焦虑程度,通过自杀意念量表(SSI)评定患者是否存在自杀意念,通过logistic回归分析自杀意念的独立危险因素,采用卡方检验检测自杀意念患者在合理情绪疗法干预组和非干预组中的分布。结果 NIHSS评分和SAS评分是出血性卒中患者的自杀意念的独立危险因素(OR=9.336,95%CI=2.972~29.328,P<0.001;OR=1.674,95%CI=1.231~2.276,P=0.001)。合理情绪疗法干预组的自杀意念发生率显著低于非干预组(11.1% 比55.6%;OR=0.600,95%CI=0.101~3.548,P=0.012)。结论 对于脑出血后伴有焦虑情绪的患者及早采用合理情绪疗法,可显著减少患者自杀意念的产生。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the risk factors of suicide ideation and the preventive effect of rational emotive therapy in patients with hemorrhagic stroke.Methods According to the inclusion criteria,100 patients with hemorrhagic stroke were consecutively enrolled from Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College.We collected the demographic data,volume of hematoma,location of hematoma and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) on admission.Anxiety was assessed with Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and suicidal ideation was evaluated by Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI).Results NIHSS score and SAS score were positively correlated with suicide ideation of patients with hemorrhagic stroke (OR=9.336,5%CI=2.972-29.328,P<0.001;OR=1.674,5%CI=1.231-2.276,P=0.001,respectively).Rational emotive therapy was associated significantly with reduced incidence of suicide ideation (OR=0.6,5%CI=0.101-3.548,P=0.012).Conclusions For patients with anxiety after hemorrhagic stroke,early use of rational emotive therapy can significantly reduce the incidence of suicidal ideation.
查看全文     下载PDF阅读器
关闭
分享按钮