文章摘要
庞洪波,刘克强,肖瑞,李励,郭秀梅,段峰.天津市城区残疾人10年缺血性心血管病发病风险评估[J].中国临床保健杂志,2019,22(2):182-185.
天津市城区残疾人10年缺血性心血管病发病风险评估
Risk assessment of 10-year ischemic cardiovascular disease for disabled persons in urban areas of Tianjin
投稿时间:2018-12-10  
DOI:10.3969/J.issn.1672-6790.2019.02.010
中文关键词: 心血管疾病  残疾人  危险因素  危险性评估  调查和问卷
英文关键词: Cardiovascular diseases  Disabled persons  Risk factors  Risk assessment  Surveys and questionnaires 〖FL
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目资助(61673224)
作者单位E-mail
庞洪波 天津中医药大学,天津 301617 kentliu999@126.com 
刘克强 天津市人民医院 kentliu999@126.com 
肖瑞 湖北省中西医结合医院 kentliu999@126.com 
李励 天津市残疾人康复服务指导中心 kentliu999@126.com 
郭秀梅 天津市残疾人康复服务指导中心 kentliu999@126.com 
段峰 南开大学 kentliu999@126.com 
摘要点击次数: 611
全文下载次数: 486
中文摘要:
      目的 调查天津市城区残疾人群缺血性心血管病(ICVD)危险因素的暴露情况并对其10年患病风险进行评估,为天津市城区残疾人ICVD防治提供依据。 方法 采用整群抽样的方法,抽取天津市城区35~74岁926例残疾人进行流行病学调查,应用“国人ICVD10年发病危险度评估方法”改良版,对其10年ICVD的发病危险度进行评估。 结果 在该人群中,高血压、超重(或)肥胖、高脂血症、吸烟和糖尿病等危险因素的暴露率分别为49.68%、61.88%、43.95%、18.57%、17.17%。ICVD10年发病绝对危险度极低危、低危、中危、高危及极高危的检出率分别为50.22%、14.58%、6.5%、28.19%、0.54%。各性别及年龄组平均危险度均高于评估方法的参考标准。 结论 天津市城区残疾人群心血管疾病危险因素水平较高,暴露明显,10年ICVD发病风险较大。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the exposure of risk factors of ischemic cardiovascular disease(ICVD) among disabled people in the urban area of Tianjin,and evaluate the risk of ICVD in 10 years to provide the basis for the prevention and treatment of ICVD in the urban area of Tianjin. Method A cluster sampling method was adopted to select 926 disabled persons aged 35 to 74 years in the urban area of Tianjin city for epidemiological investigation.The modified Ten-year Risk Degree of ICVD model in China was used to evaluate the ICVD risk in 10 years among the disabled. Results The exposure rates of hypertension,overweight (or)obesity,hyperlipemia,smoking and diabetes were 49.68%,61.88%,43.95%,18.57% and 17.17%,respectively.The ten-year absolute risk of ICVD of extremely low risk,low risk,medium risk,high risk,extremely high risk were 50.22%,14.58%,6.5%,28.19%,0.54%,respectively.The risk levels of all gender and age groups were higher than the reference standards. Conclusion The risk factors of cardiovascular disease in the disabled population in the urban area of Tianjin are relatively high,the exposure of risk factors is obvious,and the incidence risk of ICVD in 10 years is relatively high.
查看全文     下载PDF阅读器
关闭
分享按钮