文章摘要
胡丰登,张婷,陈银巧,陈果,朱轶,章挺俊.盐酸羟考酮注射液预处理在肺癌根治术中的应用效果及对机体免疫功能的影响[J].中国临床保健杂志,2018,21(1):66-69.
盐酸羟考酮注射液预处理在肺癌根治术中的应用效果及对机体免疫功能的影响
Effect and immune function of oxycodone injection preconditioning in patients with lung cancer radical surgery
投稿时间:2017-10-10  
DOI:10.3969/J.issn.1672-6790.2018.01.019
中文关键词: 肺肿瘤  麻醉和镇痛  羟考酮  免疫调节
英文关键词: Lung neoplasms  Anesthesia and analgesia  Oxycodone  Immunomodulation 〖FL
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
胡丰登 浙江永康市第一人民医院,a麻醉科,b肿瘤内科,321300 ykhufengdeng@126.com 
张婷 湖州师范学院医学院  
陈银巧 浙江永康市第一人民医院,a麻醉科,b肿瘤内科,321300  
陈果 浙江永康市第一人民医院,a麻醉科,b肿瘤内科,321300  
朱轶 浙江永康市第一人民医院,a麻醉科,b肿瘤内科,321300  
章挺俊 浙江永康市第一人民医院,a麻醉科,b肿瘤内科,321300  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨肺癌根治术中实施盐酸羟考酮注射液预处理对患者术后疼痛、术中不良反应及免疫功能的影响。方法 选取84例肺癌患者为研究对象,行肺癌根治手术治疗,均选择气管插管全身麻醉。以随机数字表法将84例患者分为对照组42例,观察组42例。对照组于麻醉诱导前5 min给予0.08 mg/kg氯化钠注射液预处理;观察组于麻醉诱导前5 min给予0.08 mg/kg盐酸羟考酮注射液预处理。观察两组患者术中低血压、心动过缓、呼吸抑制等不良反应发生情况,术中阿片类药物使用剂量,手术时间,术后2 h、术后6 h、术后12 h疼痛程度及手术前后免疫功能指标变化。结果 观察组术中不良反应发生率为7.14%,对照组术中不良反应发生率为23.81%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组术后2 h及术后6 h视觉模拟评分法(VAS)评分同对照组比较,明显较低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),术后12 h两组VAS评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),两组患者术中阿片类药物使用剂量及手术时间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);两组患者术前免疫功能相关指标差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),术后均有改变,观察组术后CD4+、CD4+/CD8+同对照组比较,显著较高,CD8+同对照组比较,明显较低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 肺癌根治术中实施盐酸羟考酮注射液预处理,可有效减轻患者术后疼痛,提高手术安全性,并对预防免疫功能紊乱方面有积极作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the effect of oxycodone hydrochloride injection pretreatment on the immune function,adverse reaction and postoperative pain in patients with lung cancer radical surgery.Methods Eighty cases of lung cancerd with radical surgery were selected,and all patients were selected for general anesthesia by tracheal intubation.All patients were divided into control group (n=42) and observation group(n=42) by random number table method,the control group were pretreatment with 0.08 mg/kg Sodium Chloride Injection 5min before induction of anesthesia,observed were pretreatment by 0.08 mg/kg oxycodone hydrochloride injection.The incidence of intraoperative hypotension,bradycardia,respiratory depression and other adverse reactions in two groups were observed.The opioid dosage,operative time,2 h,6 h and 12 h postoperative pain and the immune function before and after operation were recorded.Results The incidence of adverse reactions was 7.14% in the observation group,and the incidence of adverse reactions was 23.81% in the control group,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Compared with the control group,the VAS score of observation group at 2 h and 6 h postoperative,were lower,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05),VAS scores of 12 h postoperative had no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05),Opioid dosage and operative time had no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05).There was no significant difference in immune function between the two groups (P>0.05),but there was a significant change after operation.The CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group.CD8+ was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion The oxycodone hydrochloride injection pretreatment can effectively reduce postoperative pain,improve the safety of operation and immune function in patients with lung cancer radical surgery.
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